With images from southern and central Russia in the news lately due to extensive wildfires, I thought it would be interesting to look back in time with this extraordinary collection of color photographs taken between 1909 and 1912. In those years, photographer Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944) undertook a photographic survey of the Russian Empire with the support of Tsar Nicholas II. He used a specialized camera to capture three black and white images in fairly quick succession, using red, green and blue filters, allowing them to later be recombined and projected with filtered lanterns to show near true color images. The high quality of the images, combined with the bright colors, make it difficult for viewers to believe that they are looking 100 years back in time – when these photographs were taken, neither the Russian Revolution nor World War I had yet begun. Collected here are a few of the hundreds of color images made available by the Library of Congress, which purchased the original glass plates back in 1948.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as Mahatma meaning ‘Great Soul’. He was an astute political campaigner who fought for Indian independence from British rule and for the rights of the Indian poor.
- His example of non-violent protest is still revered throughout the world today. Find out how this man of peace and representative of India’s poor came from a privileged background and spent his teenage years as a rebel.
Le mercredi 31 juillet 1912, eut lieu entre Jarville et Lunéville, aux environs de Nancy, un essai de liaison aérienne postale en France. Cette mission avait été confiée au lieutenant Nicaud, assisté du mécanicien Million. Il s’agissait de transporter quelques 15000 lettres réparties dans trois grands sacs postaux, le tout pour un poids d’environ 50 kgs en effectuant un trajet aller-retour de Jarville à Lunéville (27km), en passant par Nancy, en 56 minutes, remise du courrier à l’administration postale comprise :
Carte postale du 31 juillet 1912, Nancy
Cette expérience qui préfigurait un véritable service postal aérien dans l’ensemble de l’Hexagone, s’était faite au profit de l’aviation militaire, à qui était destiné le fruit des ventes des timbres postaux spécialement édités pour l’occasion.
The question of the diet of men does not arise in a uniform way. Because throughout the world, our production and consumption patterns are different.
I – Case study : feeding men in Eastern Asia (China/Japan)
A – Ensuring food security in Japan1 – A very varied production, but strong constraints
Doc 1 : Gourmet solitaire (manga – 8 pages)
The issue of feeding people does not arise evenly. For the world, our ways of production and consumption are different.
=> Description of available food supply.
- Distribution: cereals, vegetables, fruit, place of fish and fish products in general
- very varied choice (even the hero does not know all the specialties)
=> Access to food is not a problem, (100 y ≈ 1 euro) when we know that 25% of the world’s population lives on less than 1 euro a day.
=> rich Food, varied and abundant in seafood
Unlike the other countries of the North (USA, Europe, Australia) the Japanese are not in a situation of overeating (average in the north 3 300 kca / hab / day, while 2,500 Kca / hab / day is enough for an average person – which is the case in Japan) due to this high consumption of fish and vegetables, while elsewhere a diet rich in meat and fat causes problems related to overweight especially in the poorest population.
Site Géoconfluences, Marie-Christine DOCEUL et Laurent CARROUE, Pour contribuer à la réflexion après les attentats du 13 novembre 2015